Agriculture has been a pivotal part of human history, as it has been solely responsible for the forging of civilization, allowing us to transition from nomad’s acting like beasts, to settlers. Agriculture is defined as the involvement of domesticating plants, and the discipline was developed around 12,000 years ago at simultaneous places in the world. One took place in the Fertile Crescent, and agriculture was also introduced in Iran, where they would domesticate everything from wheat, barley, and lentils. Over the years agriculture has undergone unique changes since the beginning of its cultivation. In Western Asia, Egypt, and India, the earliest initial planned planting and harvesting of crops had always been gathered in the wild. Agriculture introduced a way to have a consistent source of food wherever you desired, making your crops less vulnerable to the elements. Agricultural techniques and methods have erupted over the years that has made farming crops more efficient and effective as well. Some of these techniques include irrigation, crop rotation, as well as applying different fertilizers.
Many of the techniques developed in ancient times allowed for better and larger crop yields, even encouraging a kind of artificial selection, as experienced farmers would only choose the most resilient, high-yield crops for their farms. While many very modern and advanced techniques exist today, making many ancient ones obsolete, none of these would have been developed without the foundation of these ancient techniques.
Jeffry Hill is a soil scientist and agriculture expert who says that utilizing modern day techniques for farmers is something that is owed to the very first ancient age farmers who helped pave the way.